Thursday, November 24, 2016

German Turks All-Time Team

Germany vs Turkey,  Mesut Özil vs
Nuri Sahin
Please also see my All-Time World Cup Team Index.


This is my selection of a 23 member all-time team for the German Turk players.  The number 23 was chosen because it is the official squad size for the World Cup Finals.

In the 1960's, West Germany went through a period of rapid economic growth that was later known as "Wirtschaftswunder"(economic miracle).  As a result, West Germany suffered a shortage of labour.  The government of West Germany solved the problem by signing treaties with Italy, Greece and Spain to recruit their citizens as "Gastarbeiter" (Guest workers) in Germany. Germany was not interested in bringing Turkish workers to Germany.  


Turkey was an important ally to the United States during the Cold War.  Nicholas Spykman's "Rimland" theory clearly illustrates the importance of Turkey in the geo-political area.  The Turkish Straits has always been an issue to both the Czarist Russia and the Soviet Union because its location with the Black Sea.  And since 1958, the Americans have deployed nuclear missile inside Turkey.  On May, 1960, General Cemal Gürsel led a military coup d'état in Turkey which led to a period of uncertainty in the country.  Suddenly, the political atmosphere changed.  The United States believed that Turkey could benefit economically and create stability if Germany's policy on guest workers extended to them.   So Washington applied pressure to Bonn. 

In 1961, West Germany signed an agreement with Turkey to bring Turkish workers into Germany.  At the beginning, both governments thought those "Gastarbeiter" would only stay for a short time.  A few years later, they were permitted to bring their family to Germany.  This led to dramatic of Turkish population in Germany.  By the 1970's, the largest number of  "Gastarbeiter" was from Turkey.  Today, there are about 3 million Germans of Turkish descents living in Germany. 

Mehmet Scholl wearing a Turkey jersey.
 As a result of the Cold War and its impact on"Gastarbeiter" policy, the football world also changed because of it.  Many descendants of the Turkish workers in Germany became footballers.  Turkey who had not qualified for World Cup Finals since the 1954 reached the semi-final of the World Cup in 2002.  Their squad included 4 German-born players. For the German national team, German-born Turks also made an impact. Mehmet Scholl is the record-holder of the number Bundesliga title won with 8.  Nuri Sahin was the youngest ever player to play a game and scored a goal in the Bundesliga.  Mesut Ozil was a key player in the German team that the won the WC in Brazil. 


Please see also:
German Americans/American Germans
East German Players After 1990 
North Rhine-Westphalia, 
Bavaria.


Team
GK: Aykut Erçetin (Uncapped)
He graduated from the youth academy with Stuttgart.  He spent 11 seasons as a backup with Galatasaray.

GK: Volkan Ünlü  (Uncapped)
A out product of Schalke 04.  He has some experience with their first team.  He played for many clubs.  The bigger clubs included Beşiktaş J.K. and Trabzonspor.

GK: Gunny Guvenc (Turkey)
He started his career with Stuttgart Kickers.  He spent 3 seasons with Beşiktaş J.K..  He was capped Turkey A1(Turkey B International Team).
 

RB: Ümit Davala  (Turkey)
Born in Germany, he played mainly in Turkey before joining Galatasaray in 1996. He also had stints with both AC Milan and Inter Milan.  He was capped 41 times. He was in the squad of Euro 2000 and the 2002 FIFA World Cup.
Ümit Davala 

CB: Ömer Toprak (Turkey)
Toprak began his career with TSB Ravensburg in 1994. In 2001 he moved to FV Ravensburg. He was signed by SC Freiburg in 2005. He signed his first professional contract in the summer of 2008. In his first professional season, he featured in 26 league games and scored 4 goals as Freiburg won the 2. Bundesliga title. He was capped by Germany for Under-19.  In 2011, he was capped by Turkey.

CB: Mustafa Dogan (Germany)
Born in Turkey, He started with KFC Uerdingen 05 in 1994. In 1996, Doğan transferred to Fenerbahçe SK. He stayed there for seven years, the first five as a starter, then switched back to Germany, signing with FC Köln. On 18 October 2003. In 2005, he joined Beşiktaş J.K.  Capped twice for Germany.

CB: Ogun Temizkanoglu (Turkey)
He played mostly for Trabzonspor and Fenerbahçe as a central defender. He also played for Konyaspor and Akçaabat Sebatspor. He retired after terminating his contract with Akçaabat Sebatspor on 12 August 2005.  He played for Turkey national football team and was a participant at the 1996 and 2000 UEFA European Championship.  Capped 76 times.
Ogun Temizkanoglu 
CB: Serdar Tasci (Germany)
Tasci started his career with VfB Stuttgart in 2006 and played with the club until 2013, captaining the side from 2011. He played for the club nearly 250 times and helped them win the 2006–07 Bundesliga.  He represented the German national team from 2008 and 2010, gaining 14 caps, including the 2010 World Cup, in which Germany came third.

CB/LB: Hakan Balta (Turkey) 
He formerly played for Hertha Berlin II and Manisaspor before moving to Galatasaray in September 2007.  since 2006, he was apart of Turkey's players' pool.  He went to Euro 2008 and Euro 2016.

LB: Hasan Ali Kaldırım (Turkey)
 He came through the youth ranks of TuS Koblenz before moving to Kaiserslautern in 2006., but started his professional career in Turkey.  Hasan Ali Kaldırım joined Fenerbahçe from Kayserispor in 2012.

DM: Tayfur Havutçu (Turkey)
Born in West Germany, he started with German club SV Darmstadt.  In 1993–94 season, he was transferred to the Turkish club Fenerbahçe S.K. again spending two years there, he was then transferred to Kocaelispor. In 1997, Tayfur was transferred to Beşiktaş J.K. 

CM: Nuri Sahin (Turkey) 
Born in Germany of Turkish ancestry. On 6 August 2005, at the age of 16 years and 334 days, Şahin set a record by becoming the youngest player to have played in the Bundesliga, and on 25 November of the same year became the youngest player to score a goal in the Bundesliga, scoring for Borussia Dortmund against 1. FC Nuremberg.  In 2011, he made a big time to Real Madrid.  He returned to Borussia Dortmund in 2013 after a loan deal with Liverpool.  He earned his first cap in 2005 and scored his first goal ironically against Germany.
Nuri Sahin 
CM: İlkay Gündoğan (Germany)
He began his career at VfL Bochum, playing in its reserves, before joining 1. FC Nürnberg in 2009. Two years later he was signed by Borussia Dortmund for around €4 million, winning the double of the Bundesliga and DFB-Pokal in his first season there, and then helping them finish runners-up the UEFA Champions League, scoring in the final. After 157 professional matches and 15 goals for Dortmund, he signed for Manchester City for an estimated fee of £21 million. Gündoğan made his senior international debut for Germany in 2011, and was part of their squad which reached the semi-finals of UEFA Euro 2012.
İlkay Gündoğan 
DM/CM/RM/RB: Hamit Altıntop
He is a versatile player who can play in various position.  He played for Schalke 04, Bayern Munich, Real Madrid and now Galatasaray.   He helped Turkey to reach the senifinal at the Euro 2008, where he was voted into the all-tournament team.
Hamit Altıntop


LM: Olcay Şahan (Turkey)

CM: Yıldıray Baştürk
Born in Germany of Turkish ancestry.   He is best remembered for his most successful years at Leverkusen. He was the playmaker of a great Leverkusen that finished second in the German league, the German Cup and the 2002 Champions League Final.  That same year, he led Turkey to the semi-final of the WC in Japan/Korea.

AM: Hakan Calhanoglu (Turkey)

AM: Mehmet Scholl (Germany) 
Scholl was born in Germany of Turkish hertiage.  He started with Karlsruher, but spent almost hs entire career with Bayern Munich.  he won the Bundesliga title 8 times and the Champions' league n 2001.  Injuries has limited his career with the national team.  He never played in any of the WC Finals.


AM: Halil Altıntop (Turkey)
AM: Mesut Özil
A third generation German of Turkish decent.  He played for Schalke 04 and Werder Bremen before making a dream move to Real Madrid after South Africa 2010.  He moved to Arsenal in 2013.  He was a part of Germany's World Cup winning team in 2014.

ST: Erdal Keser (Turkey)
ST: Ümit Karan (Turkey)
ST: Ilhan Mansiz (Turkey)
Ilhan Mansiz


Honorable Mention
Volkan Arslan (Turkey), Volkan Yamen (Turkey),  Malik Fathi (Germany), Yasin Öztekin (Turkey), Ömer Erdoğan (Turkey)
Yunus Mallı (Turkey), Ceyhun Gülselam (Turkey), Mehmet Ekici (Turkey), Serhat Akın (Turkey) Cenk Tosun (Turkey), Gökhan Töre (Turkey), Emre Can (Germany), Sefa Yılmaz(Turkey), Mehmet Yozgatlı(Turkey), Turgay Tapu(Uncapped)

Squad Explanation
--  I have four goalkeeper:  Aykut Erçetin, Volkan Ünlü, Turgay Tapu and Gunay Guvenc.  I know very little about them. I dropped Turgay Tapu because he was the only one without any experience at the upper division in either Germany or Turkey.
-- There are many selections for the leftback position. I selected Hasan Ali Kaldırım over Volkan Yamen and  Malik Fathi.
-- I need a left winger/midfielder. Olcay Şahan was selected.
-- Emre Can is still too young to make an all-time team.  A year of two, he would be one of the more famous German Turks in the world.

Formation
İlkay Gündoğan was injured for a long time.  At the time of writing, his career is regenerating after many setbacks. He would evenbtually take over the starting position from Nuri Sahin.
 

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